Fully isolated RS485 and RS422 Extension: Setup

This Plugin for the Andino X1, provides a single channel, fully Isolated RS485 extension for the Raspberry Pi or the Arduino Controller. This PlugIn can be jumpered as a two wire, half duplex or as a four wire full duplex interface. This Board based on the SPI Uart from NXP SC16IS752. The SPI Channel can be jumpered to the Raspberry Pi or the Arduino Controller. With the Arduino Controller time critical protocols can be implemented or a general pre processing of the data can be performed.

Andino X1 - RS485 RS422 Plugin


All downloads can be found on our GitHub repository. This includes:


In Half Duplex Mode the transmitter can be switched on by the application with the RTS signal or automatically by the Hardware (Auto Transmitter on).

The lines are connected to the A-D connectors. The E connector provides a 100 Ohm ground.

RS485 Connector screw terminal

The connector screw terminal as found on the Andino X1:

Extension connector

Jumper Overview

RS485 Jumper

Installation on the Raspberry Pi

Installing sc16is752

First, download the sc16is752 overlay dts-file and the makedts script:

wget https://github.com/andino-systems/Andino/raw/master/Andino-Common/Extensions/RS232/Raspberry/sc16is752-spi0.dts
wget https://github.com/andino-systems/Andino/raw/master/Andino-Common/Extensions/RS232/Raspberry/makedts.sh

Make the script executable and run it

chmod +x makedts.sh

Alternatively, sc16is752 can also be installed from the dtbo file:

wget https://github.com/andino-systems/Andino/raw/master/Andino-Common/Extensions/RS232/Raspberry/sc16is752-spi0.dtbo
sudo cp ./sc16is752-spi0.dtbo /boot/overlays/

Starting sc16is752 on bootup

To start sc16is752 on bootup, append this to the /boot/config.txt file. Run

sudo nano /boot/config.txt

And add the following lines to the end of the file:


Save the file and quit, then reboot. After that two new Devices are available: /dev/ttySC0 and /dev/ttySC1

Testing the devices

To test device functionality, first install minicom:

sudo apt-get install minicom

For the initial setup, run

sudo minicom --setup

Enter Serial port setup

| Filenames and paths      |
| File transfer protocols  |
| Serial port setup        |
| Modem and dialing        |
| Screen and keyboard      |
| Save setup as dfl        |
| Save setup as..          |
| Exit                     |
| Exit from Minicom        |

Here the modem connection can be set up. Set the serial device to either /dev/ttySC0 or /dev/ttySC1, depending on which device you want to test.

| A -Serial Device  : /dev/ttySC0   |
| B - Lockfile Location : /var/lock |
| C -   Callin Program  :           |
| D -  Callout Program  :           |
| E -Bps/Par/Bits   : 115200 8N1    |
| F - Hardware Flow Control : No    |
| G - Software Flow Control : No    |
|                                   |
|Change which setting?              |

After completing the configuration, press the Esc key to return to the main setup menu and exit. The configured device should now show up normally in minicom.

Application examples

Troubleshooting and external links

Forum SC16IS752 (SC16IS7XX driver) Device Tree problem
Device Tree, Overlays and Parameters
List of Overlays